Populations in danger
Researcher at MSF-Crash, François Jean died on December 25th 1999. He wrote numerous books and articles, some published in Revue Esprit. He worked particularly on Afghanistan, Caucasus, North Korea and analyzed the evolution of humanitarianism without compromise.
We present here in their original edition the volumes of the "Populations in Danger" collection, launched by MSF in 1992, at the initiative of François Jean. These collective works, designed as an annual MSF report "on major crises and humanitarian action", presented MSF members, and all those interested in humanitarian action, with the reflections of MSF members and researchers on the contexts in which MSF operated and on the evolution of international responses to crises. This period in the early 1990s was one of great upheaval, in connection with the new interventionism of the United Nations and the deployment of armed forces in crisis areas. These books thus enabled operational managers to benefit from assistance in thinking about their work environment.
Original presentation :
In the world today entire populations are at immediate risk of death from either famine, war, epidemics or displacement. The people of Southern Sudan, Somalia, the former Yugoslavia, Mozambique, Peru, Sri Lanka, Nagorno-Karabakh, as well as the Tuaregs, the Kurds and Burma's Moslems are those who face the most serious threats but they receive inadequate aid and attention from the international community - if they are not simply forgotten altogether.
This book sheds new light on the crises of the "Third World", always doomed either to oblivion or sensational covergae. It gives a concise glimpse of today's most serious crises to emphasize - beyond statistics and strategic considerations - the human element.
The world's largest private organization for emergency medical aid, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) provides relief to all populations in danger without discriminitaion. Since it was founded in 1971, MSF has freely exercised what it calls it's "duty to testify", the right to speak out against major violations of humanitarian principles wherever they are committed.
To cite this content :
François Jean, Populations in danger, 1 décembre 1992, URL : https://msf-crash.org/en/war-and-humanitarianism/populations-danger
If you want to criticize or develop this content, you can find us on twitter or directly on our site.Contribute
« Never again »: in the wake of the second World War, the terror caused by the Holocaust led the community of states to condemn genocide as a crime and to create a new international organization, the United Nations. And yet, half a century later, the international community did nothing to prevent the first undeniable genocide since that of the Jews: it let the massacre of the Rwandan Tutsis and merely sent humanitarian aid, even though it was nearly over.
Guerres, famines, épidémies, pauvreté... ces tragédies continuent à faire la une de nos journaux. Face à ces situations de crise, l'action des organisation humanitaires est de plus en plus complexe. La question de leur rôle, de l'absence de volonté politique des gouvernements, des responsabilités de la communauté internationale face aux crimes de guerre et aux violations des droits de l'homme, sont au centre des préoccupations contemporaines des acteurs humanitaires.
Irak, Somalie, Bosnie, Cambodge, El Salvador... jamais la communauté internationale, sous l'égide des Nations unies, n'a été autant sollicitée pour intervenir sur les principaux terrains de crises. 75 000 casques bleus sont aujourdh'ui engagés dans des opérations de maintien de la paix.