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Violences extrêmes. Enquêter, secourir, juger République démocratique du Congo, Rwanda, Syrie

Durant ces dernières décennies, le Rwanda, la République démocratique du Congo et la Syrie ont été les terrains de situations de violences extrêmes. En tant que témoins, les auteurs de ce livre nous éclairent sur trois moments-clés qui jalonnent ces épisodes tragiques : l’enquête, le secours et la mise en place des procédures de justice menant au jugement.

RT @FondationMSH: 📚 #VendrediLecture L'ouvrage "Violence extrêmes. Enquêter, secourir, juger", coll."Le (bien) commun", est paru hier aux…
Cette 3eme #ArchivesduCrash revient sur les livres « Populations en danger ». Véritables témoignages des travailleurs humanitaires sur leur action en contexte de crises, ces ouvrages permettent une réflexion globale l'aide et la solidarité internationale. https://t.co/PgvKCQzayO
RT @EditionsMSH: 📚 PARUTION L'ouvrage "Violences extrêmes. Enquêter, secourir, juger" coll."Le (bien) commun" portant sur les analyses et e…
L’ouvrage « Violences extrêmes. Enquêter, secourir, juger République démocratique du Congo, Rwanda, Syrie », dirigé par L. Atlani-Duault, J-H. Bradol, M. Le Pape & C. Vidal paraît aujourd’hui aux @EditionsMSH. A découvrir ici 👇 https://t.co/y9WE7OVbEy
Le livre « Violences extrêmes. Enquêter, secourir, juger République démocratique du Congo, Rwanda, Syrie » réalisé sous la direction des membres du Crash paraîtra ce jeudi 23 septembre aux @EditionsMSH. Vous pouvez d’ores et déjà le commander ici 👇 https://t.co/17UEM7VWJm
Humanitarianism in the Modern World
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Humanitarianism in the Modern World. The moral economy of famine relief

“Humanitarianism in the Modern World. The moral economy of famine relief” published by Cambridge University Press, is an open access book written by a team of three people, whose aim is to provide a history of contemporary humanitarianism through the prism of famines. Norbert Götz, Georgina Brewis and Steffen Werther are treading on fertile ground, as the number of publications on the history of humanitarianism has multiplied in recent years. However, the contribution they present here is rich and original.


Picture taken in North Kivu by Myfanwy James
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Médecins Sans Frontières and Humanitarian Negotiations for Access in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Myfanwy James is a research fellow at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine & DPhil (PhD) graduate from the University of Oxford. In this video, she presents her thesis entitled: “Instruments of Identity: Médecins Sans Frontières and Humanitarian Negotiations for Access in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (RDC)”. 

MSF medical mobile teams vaccinating Elderly people and frontline Healthcare workers in a nursing home in Tripoli.
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Covid-19 Reading List : the vaccines special edition

We can all agree that the emergence of Covid-19 vaccine is “an absolutely astonishing development”, but vaccines are unlikely to completely halt the spread of the virus, let alone eradicate it. Yet even without achieving herd immunity, the ability to vaccinate vulnerable people seems to be reducing hospitalizations and deaths from Covid-19. 

Rwandan refugees fleeing towards Congo-Zaire, 1994.
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The “disappeared” of Congo-Zaire, 1996-1997. The question of the massacres of Rwandan Hutu refugees in the Democratic Republic of Congo

There is a new book out by Patrick de Saint-Exupéry entitled La traversée. Une odyssée au cœur de l’Afrique [The crossing. An odyssey in the heart of Africa]. What odyssey? Crossing the Congo (Zaire, later the Democratic Republic of Congo) from Rwanda. The author describes his encounters, the beers he had here and there, the bumpy rides on the back of a motorcycle (to Kisangani), a trip down the Congo River, flying over the dense forest on his way to Mbandaka.

Decontamination activities in Kalunguta health zone, North Kivu province, DRC
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Ebola and innovation: examining the approach to the Nord Kivu epidemic

Within four months of the first notification of Ebola cases in August 2018, the Nord Kivu (and Ituri) Ebola epidemic had become the second-largest on record. Notwithstanding a rapid and massive mobilisation of resources, the outbreak continued beyond the most pessimistic predictions and the case fatality rate (the proportion of people with the infection who die from it) remained static at 66%. Despite numerous lesson-learning exercises following the Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014–2016, and despite the development of new vaccines and treatments, after 3,444 cases and 2,264 deaths it is difficult to claim that outcomes are better this time around.


Paris, le 15 juillet 2020. Près de la place de la République, 5 associations dont MSF, ont monté un campement le 29 juin 2020, d'une centaine de tentes accueillant des mineurs étrangers isolés afin d'alerter sur l'absence de prise en charge des mineurs étrangers à Paris.

Asylum and exile. A history of the distinction between migrants / refugees

Karen Akoka

On April 12 2021 we the great pleasure of hosting a virtual CRASH conference with political scientist and sociologist Karen Akoka, fresh from her publication in November of “Asylum and Exile. A History of the Refugee/Migrant Distinction" (La Découverte, 2020). The author describes and analyzes the trajectory of OFPRA, the French institution founded in 1952 and responsible for granting refugee status; she provides an insight into how the history of the distinction between migrants and refugees was established in France.

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Residents of Al Mishlab, Raqqa returning back home to check their houses and belongings. The houses in Mishlab that still stand are scorched and reduced to piles of rubble, and the streets are full of rubbish and abandoned belongings: cooking pans, broken children’s toys and documents. Shops are burned and looted, and the empty bullet cases underfoot are an indication of the violence of this war.

Humanitarian Field Practices in the Context of the Syrian Conflict from 2011 to 2018

This article was first published in Issue 2, Volume 2 of The Journal of Humanitarian Affairs. 

How can a medical humanitarian organisation deliver emergency assistance in Syria when there is nowhere in the country where civilians, the wounded and their families, medical personnel and aid workers are not targeted? Not in the areas controlled by the government, nor in those held by the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD), Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) or the different rebel groups. So what action could be taken, and how? Remotely or on site? At the very least, we had to decipher the diverging political and military agendas, and then adapt, persist or sometimes just give up. In this article, I will present the full range of methods used to acquire knowledge and obtain information as well as the various networks used to carry out this venture. I will also show how Médecins Sans Frontières’ operations became a balancing act, punctuated by episodes of adapting to the various difficulties encountered.

District de Jacobabad, Wasayo, Pakistan. Distribution de nourriture par le CICR à 945 foyers touchés par des inondations.

The invention of impartiality: the history of a humanitarian principle, from a legal, strategic and algorithmic perspective

The principle of impartiality, which is often reduced to a principle of mathematical distribution, was originally coined by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), at that time on a quest for legitimacy. However, reducing impartiality to a resource distribution algorithm strengthens the overarching position held by non-territorial organisations. This is the theory put forward by the author in his latest book.