Book launch event - Violences extrêmes. Enquêter, secourir, juger République démocratique du Congo, Rwanda, Syrie
Jean-Hervé Bradol & Claudine Vidal
Medical doctor, specialized in tropical medicine, emergency medicine and epidemiology. In 1989 he went on mission with Médecins sans Frontières for the first time, and undertook long-term missions in Uganda, Somalia and Thailand. He returned to the Paris headquarters in 1994 as a programs director. Between 1996 and 1998, he served as the director of communications, and later as director of operations until May 2000 when he was elected president of the French section of Médecins sans Frontières. He was re-elected in May 2003 and in May 2006. From 2000 to 2008, he was a member of the International Council of MSF and a member of the Board of MSF USA. He is the co-editor of "Medical innovations in humanitarian situations" (MSF, 2009) and Humanitarian Aid, Genocide and Mass Killings: Médecins Sans Frontiéres, The Rwandan Experience, 1982–97 (Manchester University Press, 2017).
Claudine Vidal is a sociologist whose research has mainly centred on Rwanda (from its pre-colonial history to the genocide of Tutsi Rwandans in 1994) and Côte d'Ivoire (history and sociology of urbanisation in Abidjan). This research has been carried out in the framework of the Centre d'Études africaines de l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. Since 1995 she has collaborated with MSF on various publications and regularly participates in the reflection and work of the CRASH.
The conference was held on Wednesday, November 17th, 2021 at MSF's headquarters (14-34 av. Jean Jaurès, 75019 Paris).
We were very happy to welcome two authors of the book: sociologist (CNRS) and Crash scientific committee member Claudine Vidal, and Jean-Hervé Bradol, doctor, former President of the French section of MSF and current director studies at the Crash, for the launching event of the newly-published book Violences extrêmes. Enquêter, secourir, juger République démocratique du Congo, Rwanda, Syrie (Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme, Paris 2021). The event was hosted by Rony Brauman.
All articles of this book are based on field investigations. The different parts of the book could have been titled: investigating to know, investigating to save, investigating to judge.
Jean-Hervé Bradol introduced the works about Syria. Three of the authors were directly involved in the emergency relief activities he talked about: Hakim Khaldi, MENA Research fellow at MSF, Abdulkarim Ezkayez and Ammar Sabouni, both Syrian doctors. Another Research Fellow, Sophie Roborgh has studied the advocacy activities and the different methods aiming to create data on health facilities attacks.
Claudine Vidal showed that, if the question common to the field research gathered in the book - how to investigate extreme violence? - has been answered in different ways, the authors have in common that they have adopted the study of processes. Researchers Timothy Longman, Scott Straus, Nicolas Mariot, André Guichaoua and Bert Ingelaere, as well as Claudine herself, assess the investigations carried out on the genocide of the Tutsis in Rwanda, the investigations’ achievements, and their shortcomings. A journalist, Justine Brabant, a researcher, Myfanwy James, and a researcher, Marc Le Pape, illustrate three different ways of dealing with the practices and perpetrators of violence in Kivu.
Two of the book's authors, Marc Le Pape and Claudine Vidal, did a video interview (in French) with the Fondation Maison des Sciences de l'Homme to introduce the book's key elements. _________________________
Edited by: Laëtitia Atlani-Duault, Jean-Hervé Bradol, Marc Le Pape et Claudine Vidal.
The book gathers the contributions of Justine Brabant, Abdulkarim Ekzayez, André Guichaoua, Bert Ingelaere, Myfanwy James, Hakim Khaldi, Marc Le Pape, Timothy Longman, Nicolas Mariot, Sophie Roborgh, Ammar Sabouni, Scott Straus, Claudine Vidal.