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Conference - Violences extrêmes. Enquêter, secourir, juger République démocratique du Congo, Rwanda, Syrie

Portrait de Marc Le Pape
Le Pape

Marc Le Pape has been a researcher at the CNRS and then at the EHESS. He is currently a member of the scientific committee of the CRASH. Formerly with the CNRS, Marc Le Pape is currently a researcher at the l'Ehess (Centre d'études africaines). He has carried out research in Algeria, Côte d'Ivoire and Central Africa. His recent studies have focused on the Great Lakes region in Africa. He has co-directed several publications: Côte d'Ivoire, l'année terrible 1999-2000 (2003), Crises extrêmes (2006) et dans le cadre de MSF : Une guerre contre les civils. Réflexions sur les pratiques humanitaires au Congo-Brazzaville, 1998-2000 (2001) and Génocide et crimes de masse. L'expérience rwandaise de MSF 1982-1997 (2016). 


Claudine Vidal is a sociologist whose research has mainly centred on Rwanda (from its pre-colonial history to the genocide of Tutsi Rwandans in 1994) and Côte d'Ivoire (history and sociology of urbanisation in Abidjan). This research has been carried out in the framework of the Centre d'Études africaines de l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. Since 1995 she has collaborated with MSF on various publications and regularly participates in the reflection and work of the CRASH.


Laëtitia Atlani-Duault is a French social anthropologist. She is a Research Professor at IRD - CEPED (Sorbonne Paris Cité University, Paris V René Descartes), and is the current Director of the Collège d’Études Mondiales (CEM) at the Fondation Maison des sciences de l’homme (FMSH) in Paris, France.

Jean-Hervé Bradol

Medical doctor, specialized in tropical medicine, emergency medicine and epidemiology. In 1989 he went on mission with Médecins sans Frontières for the first time, and undertook long-term missions in Uganda, Somalia and Thailand. He returned to the Paris headquarters in 1994 as a programs director. Between 1996 and 1998, he served as the director of communications, and later as director of operations until May 2000 when he was elected president of the French section of Médecins sans Frontières. He was re-elected in May 2003 and in May 2006. From 2000 to 2008, he was a member of the International Council of MSF and a member of the Board of MSF USA. He is the co-editor of "Medical innovations in humanitarian situations" (MSF, 2009) and Humanitarian Aid, Genocide and Mass Killings: Médecins Sans Frontiéres, The Rwandan Experience, 1982–97 (Manchester University Press, 2017).


Hakim Khaldi is an Arabic speaker who works in MSF’s Operations Department in Paris where his job is to monitor and analyse transnational armed conflicts. To this end, Khaldi takes part in negotiations and operations in the field in the Middle East to which he made many visits between 2012 and 2019.

The Crash team is very pleased to receive sociologist and Crash scientific committee member Claudine Vidal, and Hakim Khaldi, MENA Research Fellow at MSF, for a conference-debate on the newly-released book “Extreme violence. Investigating, Saving, Judging Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Syria’’ (Éditions Maison des sciences de l’homme).

Hakim Khaldi will introduce the chapter “Humanitarian Field Practices in the Context of the Syrian Conflict from 2011 to 2018”.

How can one save lives when, in Syria, the civilians, the wounded and their families, the medical staff and the humanitarian staff are all – and everywhere they go – targets? Be it in the government-controlled zones, the PYD-controlled ones, the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) controlled-ones or the places controlled by rebel groups with divergent political agendas? Throughout many field missions, Hakim Khaldi has tried to figure out the very different political & military commitments of those diverse actors. In his analysis, he also considered the never-ending data, information and positionings flows produced and published during this period, as the war was also waged everyday on the internet. Basing his thought process on all his observations and data, Hakim Khaldi gives a detailed analysis on the emergency relief activities led by MSF in Syria, their evolution but also the conditions in which the intervention choices and decisions were taken. 

Claudine Vidal will introduce all the motives bringing the authors of this book together and will explain how working together helped bridge gaps between the authors’ different approaches, their working methods, and personal stories.

 Over the last few years, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Syria have been places where situations of extreme violence took place. Social sciences scholars, humanitarian workers, journalists are all authors of this book and shed light on three key-moments that marked these tragic episodes: the investigation, the emergency relief teams and the implementation of justice procedures leading to judgement. All our texts are based on field investigations and are reports on extreme violence practices, how difficult it can be to intervene as rescue workers, social science researchers or journalists. The book also shows the links, the relationships, and sometimes the tensions between humanitarian workers and researchers.


 Extreme violence. Investigating, Saving, Judging Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Syria

Edited by: Laëtitia Atlani-Duault, Jean-Hervé Bradol, Marc Le Pape et Claudine Vidal.

The book gathers the contributions of Justine Brabant, Abdulkarim Ekzayez, André Guichaoua, Bert Ingelaere, Myfanwy James, Hakim Khaldi, Marc Le Pape, Timothy Longman, Nicolas Mariot, Sophie Roborgh, Ammar Sabouni, Scott Straus, Claudine Vidal.


To cite this content :
Marc Le Pape, Claudine Vidal, Laëtitia Atlani-Duault, Jean-Hervé Bradol, Hakim Khaldi, Conference - Violences extrêmes. Enquêter, secourir, juger République démocratique du Congo, Rwanda, Syrie, 17 November 2021, URL : https://msf-crash.org/en/conferences-debates/conference-violences-extremes-enqueter-secourir-juger-republique-democratique

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